Micron-sized liquid nitrogen-cooled indium antimonide photovoltaic cell for near-field thermophotovoltaics.

Author(s) Vaillon, R.; Pérez, J.P.; Lucchesi, C.; Cakiroglu, D.; Chapuis, P.O.; Taliercio, T.; Tournié, E.
Journal Opt Express
Date Published 2019 Feb 18

Simulations of near-field thermophotovoltaic devices predict promising performance, but experimental observations remain challenging. Having the lowest bandgap among III-V semiconductors, indium antimonide (InSb) is an attractive choice for the photovoltaic cell, provided it is cooled to a low temperature, typically around 77 K. Here, by taking into account fabrication and operating constraints, radiation transfer and low-injection charge transport simulations are made to find the optimum architecture for the photovoltaic cell. Appropriate optical and electrical properties of indium antimonide are used. In particular, impact of the Moss-Burstein effects on the interband absorption coefficient of n-type degenerate layers, and of parasitic sub-bandgap absorption by the free carriers and phonons are accounted for. Micron-sized cells are required to minimize the huge issue of the lateral series resistance losses. The proposed methodology is presumably relevant for making realistic designs of near-field thermophotovoltaic devices based on low-bandgap III-V semiconductors.

DOI 10.1364/OE.27.000A11
ISSN 1094-4087
Citation Opt Express. 2019;27(4):A11A24.

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