Microwave-assisted synthesis of cellulose/zinc-sulfate‑calcium-phosphate (ZSCAP) nanocomposites for biomedical applications.

Title Microwave-assisted synthesis of cellulose/zinc-sulfate‑calcium-phosphate (ZSCAP) nanocomposites for biomedical applications.
Authors Dharmalingam, K.; Padmavathi, G.; Kunnumakkara, A.B.; Anandalakshmi, R.
Journal Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl
DOI 10.1016/j.msec.2019.02.109
Abstract

In this study, zinc-sulfate-calcium-phosphate (ZSCAP) ceramics was prepared by calcination in the presence of microwave irradiation using precursors ZnSO:ZnO:CaO:PO in a ratio of 15:30:30:25 (by weight). The calcined ZSCAP ceramics was mixed with microcrystalline cellulose and it was further heated by microwave radiation for the preparation of cellulose/ZSCAP nanocomposites. It was found that microwave heating time played an important role in the crystalline phase of synthesized nanocomposites of cellulose/ZSCAP. Well-crystalline phases of calcium phosphate, zinc oxide and zinc sulfate were observed in the nanocomposites at 20 min of microwave heating time. Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Raman spectroscopy confirmed that the obtained products were of cellulose/ZSCAP nanocomposites. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images indicated that reinforced ZSCAP nanostructures were embedded into cellulose matrix. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) further supported the presence of Zn, S, Ca and P in cellulose/ZSCAP nanocomposites. The thermal behavior of the products was studied using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential thermal analysis (DTA). The prepared nanocomposites showed antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. In vitro cytotoxicity assay revealed that the prepared nanocomposites had no influence on proliferation of MG-63 cells. This rapid microwave-assisted method is simple, fast and suitable for the production of cellulose/ZSCAP nanocomposites, which finds its biomedical applications in tissue engineering and bone repair.

Citation Dharmalingam, K.; Padmavathi, G.; Kunnumakkara, A.B.; Anandalakshmi, R..Microwave-assisted synthesis of cellulose/zinc-sulfate‑calcium-phosphate (ZSCAP) nanocomposites for biomedical applications..