Molybdenum and cadmium co-induce oxidative stress and apoptosis through mitochondria-mediated pathway in duck renal tubular epithelial cells.

Author(s) Wang, C.; Nie, G.; Yang, F.; Chen, J.; Zhuang, Y.; Dai, X.; Liao, Z.; Yang, Z.; Cao, H.; Xing, C.; Hu, G.; Zhang, C.
Journal J Hazard Mater
Date Published 2020 Feb 05

High doses of molybdenum (Mo) and cadmium (Cd) cause adverse reactions on animals, but the joint toxic effects of Mo and Cd on duck renal tubular epithelial cells are not fully illustrated. To investigate the combined effects of Mo and Cd on oxidative stress and mitochondrial apoptosis in primary duck renal tubular epithelial cells, the cells were either treated with (NH)MoO·4HO (480, 960 μM Mo), 3CdSO·8HO (2.5, 5.0 μM Cd) or combination of Mo and Cd for 12 h, and then the joint cytotoxicity was evaluated. The results demonstrated that Mo or/and Cd exposure could induce release of intracellular lactate dehydrogenase, reactive oxygen species generation, acidification, increase levels of malondialdehyde and [Ca]i, decrease levels of glutathione, glutathione peroxidase, catalase, superoxide dismutase, total antioxidant capacity, Na/K-ATPase, Ca-ATPase, and mitochondrial membrane potential; upregulate mRNA levels of Caspase-3, Bak-1, Bax, and cytochrome C, inhibit Bcl-2 mRNA level, and induce cell apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, the changes of these indicators in co-treated groups were more remarkable. The results indicated that exposure to Mo or/and Cd could induce oxidative stress and apoptosis via the mitochondrial pathway in duck renal tubular epithelial cells and the two metals may have a synergistic effect.

DOI 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2019.121157
ISSN 1873-3336
Citation J Hazard Mater. 2020;383:121157.