Author(s) Srinivaas, M.; Wu, C.Y.; Duh, J.G.; Hu, Y.C.; Wu, J.Ming
Journal Nanotechnology
Date Published 2020 Jan 17
Abstract

Multi-walled carbon-nanotube (MWCNT)-decorated WTe nanostars (WTe@CNT nanocomposites) are to be employed for the first time as anode candidates in the development of lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries. WTe@CNT nanocomposites deliver a high discharge capacity of 1097, 475, 439, 408, 395 and 381 mA h g with an increasing current density of 100, 200, 400, 600, 800 and 1000 mA g, respectively, while WTe nanostars exhibit a reversible capacity of 655, 402, 400, 362, 290 and 197 mA h g with the aforementioned current densities. Furthermore, WTe@CNT nanocomposites exhibit a superior reversible capacity of 592 mA h g at 500 mA g with a capacity retention of 100% achieved over 500 cycles, while bare WTe nanostars deliver ∼85 mA h g over 350 cycles. This remarkable Li cycling performance is attributed to MWCNTs interconnected with WTe nanostars. In addition, the exposed active interlayers of the WTe nanostars, which are responsible for maintaining the structural integrity of the electrodes, buffer the large volume expansion within the WTe nanostars, avoiding the agglomeration of the particles. The layered WTe nanostars were synthesized via the solution-phase method, and present extremely good possibilities for the scaling-up of Li-ion battery storage systems.

DOI 10.1088/1361-6528/ab48b2
ISSN 1361-6528
Citation Nanotechnology. 2020;31(3):035406.

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