Nanocomposites Based on Ruthenium Nanoparticles Supported on Cobalt and Nitrogen-Codoped Graphene Nanosheets as Bifunctional Catalysts for Electrochemical Water Splitting.

Author(s) He, T.; Peng, Y.; Li, Q.; Lu, J.En; Liu, Q.; Mercado, R.; Chen, Y.; Nichols, F.; Zhang, Y.; Chen, S.
Journal ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
Date Published 2019 Dec 18
Abstract

Rational design and engineering of high-efficiency electrocatalysts toward overall water splitting is crucial for the development of hydrogen energy technology. Herein, a facile procedure is described for the preparation of effective bifunctional electrocatalysts for both hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER), where ruthenium nanoparticles are supported on graphene nanosheets that are codoped with atomic cobalt and nitrogen by controlled pyrolysis of melamine-functionalized graphene oxide and metal ion precursors. The obtained nanocomposites (CoNG/Ru) exhibit a remarkable electrocatalytic activity toward both HER and OER in alkaline media, with a respective overpotential of only -15 and +350 mV to reach the current density of 10 mA cm, which is much better than the monometallic counterparts and relevant catalysts in the literature. With CoNG/Ru as bifunctional catalysts for overall water splitting in a two-electrode system, a low potential of 1.58 V is needed to reach the current density of 10 mA cm, which is even better than that with commercial Pt/C and RuO catalysts. This is ascribed to the synergistic interactions between the metal species by metal-metal charge transfer. These results highlight the significance of exploiting the electronic interactions between metal species in carbon-based nanocomposites to develop bifunctional catalysts for electrochemical energy technologies.

DOI 10.1021/acsami.9b17056
ISSN 1944-8252
Citation ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2019;11(50):4691246919.

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