New insight into adsorption and co-adsorption of arsenic and tetracycline using a Y-immobilized graphene oxide-alginate hydrogel: Adsorption behaviours and mechanisms.

Author(s) He, J.; Ni, F.; Cui, A.; Chen, X.; Deng, S.; Shen, F.; Huang, C.; Yang, G.; Song, C.; Zhang, J.; Tian, D.; Long, L.; Zhu, Y.; Luo, L.
Journal Sci Total Environ
Date Published 2020 Jan 20
Abstract

Heavy metals (e.g., arsenic (As)) and tetracycline (TC) usually coexist in wastewater from livestock farm, whereas the co-adsorption behaviours and mechanisms of As(V) and TC were not well-known. This study investigated the adsorption and co-adsorption of As(V) and TC by a novel yttrium-immobilized-graphene oxide-alginate hydrogel (Y-GO-SA) to explore the adsorption behaviours and mechanisms. The adsorption of As(V) and TC was pH-dependent. The maximum adsorption capacities under the studied concentrations were 273.39 mg/g for As(V), and 477.9 mg/g for TC, respectively, which are much higher than many other reported adsorbents. Furthermore, As(V) adsorption was due to ion exchange between hydroxyl groups and HAsO groups and H-bonds formed with O-containing groups on Y-GO-SA, and the adsorption of TC by Y-GO-SA was mainly ascribed to electrostatic interaction, H-bonds, π - π EDA interaction, n-π EDA interaction, and cation-bonding bridge effects. The co-adsorption of As(V) and TC in binary system indicated that the presence of TC obviously suppressed the adsorption of As(V) due to the competition for active sites, whereas the effect of presence of As(V) on adsorption of TC can be negligible due to the balance contributions from its contrary effects, i.e. enhancement (anion-π interaction) and reduction (competition for Y ions) in TC adsorption. Finally, the hydrogels performed well in the treatment of livestock farm waste water. It can be anticipated that the prepared 3D hydrogel can be used as a powerful adsorbent in the practical application of waste water treatment, owing to its easy separation, high adsorption and good reusability.

DOI 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.134363
ISSN 1879-1026
Citation Sci Total Environ. 2020;701:134363.

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