Nitrogen-doped graphene quantum dot for direct fluorescence detection of Al(3+) in aqueous media and living cells.

Author(s) Fang, B.Y.; Li, C.; Song, Y.Y.; Tan, F.; Cao, Y.C.; Di Zhao, Y.
Journal Biosens Bioelectron
Date Published 2018 Feb 15

Graphene quantum dot (GQD) has been attractive in analytical science field due to its low toxicity, stable photoluminescence. Herein, nitrogen-doped GQD (N-GQD) was prepared by a facile solvothermal treatment of GO using dimethylformamide, and exhibited a green emission with 23.1% quantum yield. The N-GQD probe showed a selective and sensitive fluorescence enhancement response to Al(3+), the mechanism might be the formation of a complex between Al(3+) and N-GQD constrained the photo-induced electron transfer (PET) process of N-GQD itself. With Benesi-Hildebrand equation, the binding constant and molar ratio between N-GQD and Al(3+) was calculated to be 4.6 × 10(4)Lmol(-1) and 1:1 respectively. The pKa value of N-GQD was also determined to be 4.4 by capillary electrophoresis. In pH 4.0 PBS solution, there was a good linear relation between the fluorescence intensity and the logarithm of concentration of Al(3+) in the range of 2.5-75μmolL(-1), the limit of detection (3σ) was 1.3μmolL(-1). This "Off - On" fluorescence method had been applied to accurate quantification of aluminum in hydrotalcite tablets. What's more, the fluorescence switch property of N-GQD was explored by alternate addition of Al(3+) and EDTA. The probe was also utilized for detection Al(3+) in living cells due to its excellent biocompatibility.

DOI 10.1016/j.bios.2017.08.057
ISSN 1873-4235
Citation Biosens Bioelectron. 2018;100:4148.

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