Novel Effect of Zinc Nitrate/Vanadyl Oxalate for Selective Catalytic Oxidation of α-Hydroxy Esters to α-Keto Esters with Molecular Oxygen: An In Situ ATR-IR Study.

Author(s) Ju, Y.; Du, Z.; Xiao, C.; Li, X.; Li, S.
Journal Molecules
Date Published 2019 Apr 02

Selective oxidation of α-hydroxy esters is one of the most important methods to prepare high value-added α-keto esters. An efficient catalytic system consisting of Zn(NO₃)₂/VOC₂O₄ is reported for catalytic oxidation of α-hydroxy esters with molecular oxygen. Up to 99% conversion of methyl DL-mandelate or methyl lactate could be facilely obtained with high selectivity for its corresponding α-keto ester under mild reaction conditions. Zn(NO₃)₂ exhibited higher catalytic activity in combination with VOC₂O₄ compared with Fe(NO₃)₃ and different nitric oxidative gases were detected by situ attenuated total reflection infrared (ATR-IR) spectroscopy. UV-vis and ATR-IR results indicated that coordination complex formed in Zn(NO₃)₂ in CH₃CN solution was quite different from Fe(NO₃)₃; it is proposed that the charge-transfer from Zn to coordinated nitrate groups might account for the generation of different nitric oxidative gases. The XPS result indicate that nitric oxidative gas derived from the interaction of Zn(NO₃)₂ with VOC₂O₄ could be in favor of oxidizing VOC₂O₄ to generate active vanadium (V) species. It might account for different catalytic activity of Zn(NO₃)₂ or Fe(NO₃)₃ combined with VOC₂O₄. This work contributes to further development of efficient aerobic oxidation under mild reaction conditions.

DOI 10.3390/molecules24071281
ISSN 1420-3049
Citation Molecules. 2019;24(7).

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