Oligophosphine-thiocyanate Copper(I) and Silver(I) Complexes and Their Borane Derivatives Showing Delayed Fluorescence.

Author(s) Chakkaradhari, G.; Eskelinen, T.; Degbe, C.; Belyaev, A.; Melnikov, A.S.; Grachova, E.V.; Tunik, S.P.; Hirva, P.; Koshevoy, I.O.
Journal Inorg Chem
Date Published 2019 Mar 18

The series of chelating phosphine ligands, which contain bidentate P (bis[(2-diphenylphosphino)phenyl] ether, DPEphos; 4,5-bis(diphenylphosphino)-9,9-dimethylxanthene, Xantphos; 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)benzene, dppb), tridentate P (bis(2-diphenylphosphinophenyl)phenylphosphine), and tetradentate P (tris(2-diphenylphosphino)phenylphosphine) ligands, was used for the preparation of the corresponding dinuclear [M(μ-SCN)P] (M = Cu, 1, 3, 5; M = Ag, 2, 4, 6) and mononuclear [CuNCS(P/P)] (7, 9) and [AgSCN(P/P)] (8, 10) complexes. The reactions of P with silver salts in a 1:2 molar ratio produce tetranuclear clusters [Ag(μ-SCN)(t-SCN)(P)] (11) and [Ag(μ-SCN)(P)] (12). Complexes 7-11 bearing terminally coordinated SCN ligands were efficiently converted into derivatives 13-17 with the weakly coordinating SCN:B(CF) isothiocyanatoborate ligand. Compounds 1 and 5-17 exhibit thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) behavior in the solid state. The excited states of thiocyanate species are dominated by the ligand to ligand SCN → π(phosphine) charge transfer transitions mixed with a variable contribution of MLCT. The boronation of SCN groups changes the nature of both the S and T states to (L + M)LCT d,p(M, P) → π(phosphine). The localization of the excited states on the aromatic systems of the phosphine ligands determines a wide range of luminescence energies achieved for the title complexes (λ varies from 448 nm for 1 to 630 nm for 10c). The emission of compounds 10 and 15, based on the P ligand, strongly depends on the solid-state packing (λ = 505 and 625 nm for two crystalline forms of 15), which affects structural reorganizations accompanying the formation of electronically excited states.

DOI 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.8b03166
ISSN 1520-510X
Citation Inorg Chem. 2019;58(6):36463660.

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