Author(s) Sun, W.B.; Yang, X.F.; Zhang, Z.B.; Wong, W.H.; Yu, D.Y.; Pun, E.YueBun; Zhang, D.L.
Journal Opt Express
Date Published 2017 Apr 17

Ti4+-diffused Zr4+/Er3+-codoped LiNbO3 strip waveguide was fabricated on an X-cut LiNbO3 substrate by thermal diffusion in sequence of Er3+, Zr4+ and Ti4+. Secondary ion mass spectrometry study shows that the Ti4+ ions follow a sum of two error functions in the width direction and a Gauss function in the depth direction of the waveguide. Both Er3+ and Zr4+ profiles follow the desired Gauss function, and entirely cover the Ti4+ profile. Optical study shows that the waveguide is TE or TM single mode at 1.5 μm wavelength, and has a loss of 0.3 (0.5) dB/cm for the TM (TE) mode. In the case of 980 nm pumping, the waveguide shows stable 1547 nm signal output under high-power pumping without optical damage observed, and a net gain of 1.1 dB/cm is obtained for the available pump power of 120 mW.

DOI 10.1364/OE.25.008653
ISSN 1094-4087
Citation Opt Express. 2017;25(8):86538658.

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