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Oxidative stress and genotoxicity of an organic and an inorganic nanomaterial to Eisenia andrei: SDS/DDAB nano-vesicles and titanium silicon oxide.

Author(s) Correia, B.; Lourenço, J.; Marques, S.; Nogueira, V.; Gavina, A.; Rasteiro, Mda Graça; Antunes, F.; Mendo, S.; Pereira, R.
Journal Ecotoxicol Environ Saf
Date Published 2017 Jun
Abstract

In the past few years the number of studies on the toxic effects of nanomaterials (NMs) in the environment increased significantly. Nonetheless, the data is still scarce, since there is a large number of NMs and new ones are being developed each day. Soils are extremely important for life, and are easily exposed to the released NMs, thus enhanced efforts are needed to study the impacts on soil biota. The objective of the present work was to determine if different concentrations of two NMs, one inorganic (TiSiO4) and other organic (nano-vesicles of sodium sodecyl sulfate/ didodecyl dimethylammonium bromide - SDS/DDAB), are genotoxic to soil invertebrates. Additionally, it was intended to understand whether, in the event of occurring, genotoxicity was caused by the incapability of the cells to deal with the oxidative stress caused by these NMs. With that purpose, Eisenia andrei were exposed for 30 days to the artificial OECD soil contaminated with different concentrations of the NMs being tested. After the exposure, coelomocytes were extracted from earthworms and DNA damage was measured by the comet assay. The activity of antioxidant enzymes (e.g. glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase and glutathione-S-Transferase) and lipid peroxidation were also assessed. The results showed that both NMs were genotoxic, particularly TiSiO4 for which significant DNA damages were recorded for concentrations above 444mg of TiSiO4-NM/kg of soildw. Since no statistically significant differences were found in the tested antioxidant enzymes and in lipid peroxidation, the mechanism of genotoxicity of these NMs seemed to be unrelated with oxidative stress.

DOI 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2017.02.035
Keywords Animals; Antioxidants; Biota; Comet Assay; DNA Damage; Glutathione Peroxidase; Lipid Peroxidation; Nanostructures; Oligochaeta; Oxidative Stress; Quaternary Ammonium Compounds; Silicon Dioxide; Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate; Soil; Soil Pollutants; Titanium
ISSN 1090-2414
Citation Correia B, Lourenço J, Marques S, Nogueira V, Gavina A, Rasteiro Md, et al. Oxidative stress and genotoxicity of an organic and an inorganic nanomaterial to Eisenia andrei: SDS/DDAB nano-vesicles and titanium silicon oxide. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2017;140:198-205.

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