Palladium Supported on Titanium Carbide: A Highly Efficient, Durable, and Recyclable Bifunctional Catalyst for the Transformation of 4-Chlorophenol and 4-Nitrophenol.

Author(s) Fan, G.; Li, X.; Xu, C.; Jiang, W.; Zhang, Y.; Gao, D.; Bi, J.; Wang, Y.
Journal Nanomaterials (Basel)
Date Published 2018 Mar 02
Abstract

Developing highly efficient and recyclable catalysts for the transformation of toxic organic contaminates still remains a challenge. Herein, Titanium Carbide (Ti₃C₂) MXene modified by alkali treatment process was selected as a support (designated as alk-Ti₃C₂X₂, where X represents the surface terminations) for the synthesis of Pd/alk-Ti₃C₂X₂. Results show that the alkali treatment leads to the increase of surface area and surface oxygen-containing groups of Ti₃C₂X₂, thereby facilitating the dispersion and stabilization of Pd species on the surface of alk-Ti₃C₂X₂. The Pd/alk-Ti₃C₂X₂ catalyst shows excellent catalytic activity for the hydrodechlorination of 4-chlorophenol and the hydrogenation of 4-nitrophenol in aqueous solution at 25 °C and hydrogen balloon pressure. High initial reaction rates of 216.6 and 126.3 min· g pd - 1 are observed for the hydrodechlorination of 4-chlorophenol and hydrogenation of 4-nitrophenol, respectively. Most importantly, Pd/alk-Ti₃C₂X₂ exhibits excellent stability and recyclability in both reactions without any promoters. The superior property of Pd/alk-Ti₃C₂X₂ makes it as a potential material for practical applications.

DOI 10.3390/nano8030141
ISSN 2079-4991
Citation Fan G, Li X, Xu C, Jiang W, Zhang Y, Gao D, et al. Palladium Supported on Titanium Carbide: A Highly Efficient, Durable, and Recyclable Bifunctional Catalyst for the Transformation of 4-Chlorophenol and 4-Nitrophenol. Nanomaterials (Basel). 2018;8(3).

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