Performance of two differently designed permeable reactive barriers with sulfate and zinc solutions.

Author(s) Pérez, N.; Schwarz, A.O.; Barahona, E.; Sanhueza, P.; Diaz, I.; Urrutia, H.
Journal Sci Total Environ
Date Published 2018 Nov 15

For the first time, this laboratory-scale study evaluates the feasibility of incorporating diffusive exchange in permeable reactive barriers. In order to do this, the performance of two permeable reactive barriers (PRB) with different internal substrate arrangements were compared during the administration of a sulfate solution without metals (for 163 days) and with metals (for 60 days), simulating groundwater contaminated with acid mine drainage (AMD). In order to simulate a traditional PRB, a homogeneous distribution was implemented in the first reactor and the other PRB reactor utilized diffusion-active technology (DAPRB). In the DAPRB, the distribution of the reactive material was interspersed with the conductive material. The measurements in the internal ports showed that transverse gradients of sulfide formed in the DAPRB, causing the diffusion of sulfide from the substrate toward the layer interface, which is where the sulfide reacts by forming complexes with the metal. The DAPRB prevents the microorganisms from direct contact with AMD. This protection caused greater activity (sulfide production).

DOI 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.06.046
ISSN 1879-1026
Citation Sci Total Environ. 2018;642:894903.

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