Perioperative Safety in Patient Under Oral Anticoagulation During Holmium Laser Enucleation of the Prostate.

Author(s) Becker, B.; Netsch, C.; Hansen, J.; Böhme, A.; Gross, A.J.; Zacharias, M.; Lehrich, K.
Journal J Endourol
Date Published 2019 Jan 08

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) in patients on oral anticoagulation (OA) with respect to intra- and postoperative bleeding complications.

METHODS: Between January 2013 and October 2016, 2178 patients were included in this study, of whom 94 received direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) and 151 received vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) before HoLEP. All patients either ceased OA (DOACs) or were bridged subtherapeutically (VKAs, international normalized ratio <2) during surgery. These patients were compared to a sample size of 1933 nonanticoagulated patients.

RESULTS: A significant longer postoperative stay was noted for the patients on DOACs (5.2 [4-6] days) and VKAs (5.3 [4-5] days) compared to the control group (4.5 [4-4] days). The mean drop in hemoglobin was significantly higher in the VKA group compared to the DOAC and control group. There was a significantly higher rate of postoperative bladder tamponades/secondary coagulation in patients on OA with 6 (7.9%)/3 (3.9%) patients in the DOAC group, 10 (7.4%)/6 (4.4%) patients in the VKA group compared to 37 (2.2%)/21 (2.1%) patients in the control group, respectively (p < 0.001). Eight patients required blood transfusions with a distribution of 1 (1.3%), 3 (2.2%), and 4 (0.2%) patients in the DOAC, VKA, and control group, respectively (p < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that bridged patients who's DOACs and VKAs were ceased before HoLEP are at higher risk of intra- and postoperative bleeding complications. Nonetheless, HoLEP appears to be a safe and effective procedure in those patients.

DOI 10.1089/end.2018.0693
ISSN 1557-900X
Citation J Endourol. 2019.

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