Photo-catalytic deactivation of hazardous sulfate reducing bacteria using palladium nanoparticles decorated silicon carbide: A comparative study with pure silicon carbide nanoparticles.

Author(s) Baig, U.; Gondal, M.A.; Dastageer, M.A.; Khalil, A.B.; Zubair, S.M.
Journal J Photochem Photobiol B
Date Published 2018 Oct

Sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) wreaks havoc in the oil industry by being an agent for oil souring and building corrosion in pipelines and thereby degrade the quality of crude oil. Palladium nanoparticles decorated silicon carbide nanomaterial (Pd-SiC) was synthesized by a facile single step synthesis process and this nanomaterial as a photo-catalyst, as compared to pure silicon carbide (SiC) nanoparticles showed a significant enhancement in the photo-catalytic efficiency in the process of the photo-catalytic deactivation of hazardous SRB. The morphological characterization studies such as Field emission scanning electron microscopy, Transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy unambiguously revealed that SiC surface was successfully decorated with palladium (Pd) nanoparticles. Also the Pd nanoparticles decorated on the SiC surface was further substantiated by EDX and elemental mapping analysis, which clearly revealed the presence of Pd along with Si and O. The band gap energy estimated using Diffuse reflectance spectra (DRS) showed the reduction of band gap energy from 2.82 eV to 2.72 eV. The observed enhancement in the efficiency of photo-catalytic deactivation of SRB with Pd-SiC can be attributed to the significant reduction in the recombination of photo-generated charge carriers, characteristically resulting from the metal (Pd) semiconductor (SiC) junction established by this synthesis process.

DOI 10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2018.08.010
ISSN 1873-2682
Citation J Photochem Photobiol B, Biol. 2018;187:113119.

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