Photonuclear production of yttrium-88 - A high energy gamma emitter for hydrocarbon extraction applications.

Author(s) Dale, D.S.; Starovoitova, V.N.; Forest, T.A.; Oliphant, E.
Journal Appl Radiat Isot
Date Published 2018 Sep
Abstract

The use of fracing has risen over the past decade and revolutionized energy production in the US. However, there is still an impetus for further optimization of the extraction of oil and natural gas from vast shale reservoirs. In this work, we discuss photonuclear production of yttrium-88 as a promising radiotracer for fracing operations. Single neutron knock-out from natural monoisotopic yttrium-89 is an inexpensive process resulting in high activity of Y with minimal impurities. MCNPX simulations were performed to estimate the Y yield. Irradiations of natural yttrium using a 32 MeV electron linac equipped with a tungsten bremsstrahlung converter were done to benchmark the simulations. Activities of Y, Y, and Y were measured and found to be in good agreement with the predictions.

DOI 10.1016/j.apradiso.2018.05.002
ISSN 1872-9800
Citation Dale DS, Starovoitova VN, Forest TA, Oliphant E. Photonuclear production of yttrium-88 - A high energy gamma emitter for hydrocarbon extraction applications. Appl Radiat Isot. 2018;139:137-140.

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