Photophysics and Excited-State Properties of Cyclometalated Iridium(III)-Platinum(II) and Iridium(III)-Iridium(III) Bimetallic Complexes Bridged by Dipyridylpyrazine.

Author(s) Cho, Y.J.; Kim, S.Y.; Choi, C.Min; Kim, N.Joon; Kim, C.Hoon; Cho, D.Won; Son, H.J.; Pac, C.; Kang, S.Ook
Journal Inorg Chem
Date Published 2017 May 01
Abstract

We investigated the electrochemical and excited-state properties of 2,3-bis(2-pyridyl)pyrazine (dpp)-bridged bimetallic complexes, (L)2Ir-dpp-PtCl [1, L = 2-(4',6'-difluorophenyl)pyridinato-N,C(2) (dfppy); 2, L = 2-phenylpyridinato-N,C(2) (ppy)] and [(L)2Ir]2(dpp) [3, L = dfppy; 4, L = ppy] compared to monometallic complexes, (L)2Ir-dpp (5, L = dfppy; 6, L = ppy) and dpp-PtCl (dpp-Pt(II)Cl2; 7). The single-crystal X-ray crystallographic structures of 1, 3, 5, and 6 showed that 1 and 3 have approximately coplanar structures of the dpp unit, while the noncoordinated pyridine ring of dpp in 5 and 6 is largely twisted with respect to the pyrazine ring. We found that the properties of the bimetallic complex significantly depended on the electronic and geometrical modulations of each fragment: (1) electronic structure of the main L (C^N) ligand in an iridium chromophore (L = dfppy or ppy) and (2) planarity of the bridging ligand (dpp). Their electrochemical and photophysical properties revealed that efficient electron-transfer processes predominated in the bimetallic systems regardless of the second metal participation. The low efficiencies of photoluminescence of dpp-bridged Ir-Pt and Ir-Ir bimetallic complexes (1-4) could be explained by assuming the involvement of crossing to platinum- and iridium-based d-d states from the emissive state. Such stereochemical and electronic situations around dpp allowed thermally activated crossing to platinum- and iridium-based d-d states from the emissive triplet metal-to-ligand charge-transfer ((3)MLCT) state, followed by cleavage of the dpp-Pt and (L)2Ir-dpp bonds. The transient absorption study further confirmed that the planarity of the dpp bridging ligand, which was defined as the magnitude of tilt between the pyridine ring and pyrazine, had a direct correlation with the degree of nonradiative decay from the emissive iridium-based (3)MLCT to the Ir d-d or Pt d-d state, leading to photoinduced dissociation of bimetallic complexes. From the dissociation pattern of metal complexes analyzed after photoirradiation, we found that their dissociation pathways were directly related to the quenching direction (either Ir d-d or Pt d-d) with a significant dependency on the relative (3)MLCT levels of the (L)2Ir-dpp component.

DOI 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.7b00384
ISSN 1520-510X
Citation Cho Y-, Kim S-, Choi CM, Kim NJ, Kim CH, Cho DW, et al. Photophysics and Excited-State Properties of Cyclometalated Iridium(III)-Platinum(II) and Iridium(III)-Iridium(III) Bimetallic Complexes Bridged by Dipyridylpyrazine. Inorg Chem. 2017;56(9):5305-5315.