Picosecond Quantum Cutting Generates Photoluminescence Quantum Yields Over 100% in Ytterbium-Doped CsPbCl3 Nanocrystals.

Author(s) Milstein, T.; Kroupa, D.; Gamelin, D.R.
Journal Nano Lett
Date Published 2018 May 10

Recent advances in ytterbium doping of CsPbX3 (X = Cl, Cl/Br) nanocrystals have opened exciting new opportunities for their application as downconverters in solar energy conversion technologies. Here, we describe a hot-injection synthesis of Yb3+:CsPbCl3 nanocrystals that reproducibly yields sensitized Yb3+ 2F5/2 → 2F7/2 luminescence with near-infrared photoluminescence quantum yields (PLQYs) well over 100% and near-zero excitonic luminescence. Near-infrared PLQYs of 170% have been measured. Through a combination of synthesis, variable-temperature photoluminescence spectroscopy, and transient-absorption and time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopies, we show that the formation of shallow Yb3+-induced defects play a critical role in facilitating a picosecond nonradiative energy-transfer process that de-excites the photoexcited nanocrystal and simultaneously excites two Yb3+ dopant ions, i.e., quantum cutting. Energy transfer is very efficient at all temperatures between 5 K and room temperature, but only grows more efficient as the temperature is elevated in this range. Our results provide insights into the microscopic mechanism behind the extremely efficient sensitization of Yb3+ luminescence in CsPbX3 nanocrystals, with ramifications for future applications of high-efficiency spectral-conversion nanomaterials in solar technologies.

DOI 10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b01066
ISSN 1530-6992
Citation Nano Lett. 2018.

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