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Potential roles of chromium on inflammatory biomarkers in diabetes: A Systematic.

Author(s) Moradi, F.; Maleki, V.; Saleh-Ghadimi, S.; Kooshki, F.; Gargari, B.Pourghasse
Journal Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol
Date Published 2019 Nov

Diabetes, as a low-grade chronic inflammatory disease, causes disruption in proper function of immune and metabolic system. Chromium is an important element required for normal lipid and glucose metabolism. Chromium deficiency is correlated with elevation in cardiometabolic risk, which results from increased inflammation. This systematic review was conducted to discover the potential roles of chromium on inflammatory biomarkers. Eligible studies were all in vitro, animal and human studies published in English-language journals from inception until October 2018. PubMed, Scopus, Embase, ProQuest and Google Scholar databases were searched to fined interventional studies from the effects of chromium on inflammatory biomarkers such as tumour necrosis factor a (TNF-a), C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukins, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and adipocytokines in hyperglycaemia and diabetes. Out of 647 articles found in the search, only 14 articles were eligible for analysis, three in vitro studies, eight animal studies and three human studies. Twelve of the 14 studies included in this review, chromium significantly decreased inflammatory factors. The findings of this review indicate, based on in vitro and in vivo studies, that chromium might have potential anti-inflammatory properties, but some of the studies did not show anti-inflammatory effects for chromium (two studies). There are only three studies in humans with controversial results. Therefore, more consistent randomized double-blind controlled trials are needed to reach relevant clinical recommendations, as well as to determine the precise mechanism, of chromium on inflammation in diabetes.

DOI 10.1111/1440-1681.13144
ISSN 1440-1681
Citation Moradi F, Maleki V, Saleh-Ghadimi S, Kooshki F, Gargari BP. Potential roles of chromium on inflammatory biomarkers in diabetes: A Systematic. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 2019;46(11):975-983.