Author(s) Tian, X.; Xuan, X.; Yu, M.; Mu, Y.; Lu, H.G.; Zhang, Z.; Li, S.D.
Journal Nanoscale
Date Published 2019 Jun 21

Carbon and boron can mix to form numerous two-dimensional (2D) compounds with strong covalent bonds, yet very few possess a bandgap for functional applications. Motivated by the structural similarity between graphene and recently synthesized borophene, we propose a new family of semiconducting boron carbide monolayers composed of BC pyramids and carbon hexagons, denoted as (BC)(C) (m, n are integers) by means of the global minimum search method augmented with first-principles calculations. These monolayers are isoelectronic to graphene yet exhibit increased bandgaps with decreasing n/m, due to the enhanced localization of boron multicenter bonding states as a consequence of the electronic transfer from boron to carbon. In particular, the BC monolayer is even more stable than the previously synthesized BC monolayer and has a direct bandgap of 2.73 eV, with the promise for applications in optical catalysis and optoelectronics. These results are likely to inform the on-going effort on the design of semiconducting 2D materials based on other light elements.

DOI 10.1039/c9nr02681a
ISSN 2040-3372
Citation Nanoscale. 2019;11(23):1109911106.

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