Preparation and performance of manganese-oxide-coated zeolite for the removal of manganese-contamination in groundwater.

Author(s) Lyu, C.; Yang, X.; Zhang, S.; Zhang, Q.; Su, X.
Journal Environ Technol
Date Published 2019 Mar
Abstract

A promising and easily prepared catalytic filler media, manganese-oxide-coated zeolite (MOCZ), for the removal of Mn (II) contamination in groundwater was studied. The optimal condition for MOCZ preparation was given as follows: acid activation of zeolite with 5% HCl mass percent for 12 h, then soaking of acid-activated zeolite with 7% KMnO mass percent for 8 h, and finally calcination at 300°C for 5 h. Acid activation significantly enlarged the specific surface area of the zeolite (>79 m g), subsequently enhancing the coating of manganese oxides onto the surface of the zeolite. This was further supported by the manganese-to-zeolite ratio (γ) and Energy dispersive analysis-mapping. The γ was over 12.26 mg Mn g zeolite, representing more active sites for the adsorption and catalytic-oxidation of Mn (II). As such, great performance of Mn (II) removal by MOCZ was obtained in the filter experiment. An estimated 98-100% removal efficiency of Mn (II) was achieved in a greatly short startup time (only 2 h). During the filtration process, newborn flocculent manganese oxides with a mixed-valence of manganese (Mn (II) and Mn (IV)) were generated on the MOCZ surface, further facilitating the adsorption and catalytic-oxidation of Mn (II). The filter with MOCZ as adsorbent had a great performance on the Mn (II) removal in a wide range of hydraulic retention time (HRT) (4-40 min), particularly in a short HRT. Besides, the filter prolonged the filtration period (60 days), which would significantly reduce the frequency of backwash. Thus, it could be concluded that MOCZ prepared in this study showed a good performance in terms of Mn (II) removal in waterworks, especially small waterworks in the villages/towns.

DOI 10.1080/09593330.2017.1410579
ISSN 1479-487X
Citation Lyu C, Yang X, Zhang S, Zhang Q, Su X. Preparation and performance of manganese-oxide-coated zeolite for the removal of manganese-contamination in groundwater. Environ Technol. 2019;40(7):878-887.

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