Prussian blue-embedded carboxymethyl cellulose nanofibril membranes for removing radioactive cesium from aqueous solution.

Author(s) Eun, S.; Hong, H.J.; Kim, H.; Jeong, H.Su; Kim, S.; Jung, J.; Ryu, J.
Journal Carbohydr Polym
Date Published 2020 May 01
Abstract

In this study, we synthesized a Prussian blue (PB)-embedded macroporous carboxymethyl cellulose nanofibril (CMCNF) membrane for facile cesium (Cs) removal. The PB was formed in situ at Fe sites on a CMCNF framework cross-linked using FeCl as a cross-linking agent. Cubic PB particles of size 5-20 nm were observed on the macroporous CMCNF membrane surface. The PB-CMCNF membrane showed 2.5-fold greater Cs adsorption capacity (130 mg/g) than commercial PB nanoparticles, even though the PB loading of the PB-CMCNF membrane was less than 100 mg/g. The macroporous structure of the CMCNF membrane led to improved diffusion in the solution, thereby increasing the Cs adsorption capacity. The Cs adsorption behavior was systematically investigated in different solution chemistry. Finally, Cs removal using a semicontinuous adsorption module was demonstrated in real seawater. The results showed that the PB-CMCNF membrane is a highly effective, practical material for the removal of Cs from aqueous environments.

DOI 10.1016/j.carbpol.2020.115984
ISSN 1879-1344
Citation Eun S, Hong H-, Kim H, Jeong HS, Kim S, Jung J, et al. Prussian blue-embedded carboxymethyl cellulose nanofibril membranes for removing radioactive cesium from aqueous solution. Carbohydr Polym. 2020;235:115984.