Quantum Cutting Luminescent Solar Concentrators Using Ytterbium Doped Perovskite Nanocrystals.

Author(s) Luo, X.; Ding, T.; Liu, X.; Liu, Y.; Wu, K.
Journal Nano Lett
Date Published 2018 Dec 10

We introduce and demonstrate the concept of quantum-cutting luminescent solar concentrators (QC-LSCs) using Yb3+-doped perovskite nanocrystals. These NCs feature a photoluminescence quantum yield approaching 200% and virtually zero self-absorption loss of PL photons, defining a new upper limit of 150% for the internal optical efficiency (ηint) of LSCs that is almost independent of LSC sizes. An unoptimized 25 cm2 QC-LSC fabricated from Yb3+-doped CsPbCl3 NCs already displayed an ηint of 118.1±6.7% that is 2-fold higher than previous records using Mn2+-doped quantum dots (QDs). If using CsPbClxBr3-x NCs capable of absorbing ~7.6% of solar photons, the projected external optical efficiency (ηext) of QC-LSCs can exceed 10% for >100 cm2 devices which still remains a big challenge in the field. The advantage of QC-LSCs over conventional QD-LSCs becomes especially obvious with increasing LSC sizes, which is predicted to exhibit more than 4-fold efficiency enhancement in the case of window size (1 m2) devices.

DOI 10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b03966
ISSN 1530-6992
Citation Nano Lett. 2018.

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