Recent Trends in Synthesis and Investigation of Nickel Phosphide Compound/Hybrid-Based Electrocatalysts Towards Hydrogen Generation from Water Electrocatalysis.

Author(s) Khalafallah, D.; Zhi, M.; Hong, Z.
Journal Top Curr Chem (Cham)
Date Published 2019 Oct 11

Sustainable and high performance energy devices such as solar cells, fuel cells, metal-air batteries, as well as alternative energy conversion and storage systems have been considered as promising technologies to meet the ever-growing demands for clean energy. Hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) is a crucial process for cost-effective hydrogen production; however, functional electrocatalysts are potentially desirable to expedite reaction kinetics and supply high energy density. Thus, the development of inexpensive and catalytically active electrocatalysts is one of the most significant and challenging issues in the field of electrochemical energy storage and conversion. Realizing that advanced nanomaterials could engender many advantageous chemical and physical properties over a wide scale, tremendous efforts have been devoted to the preparation of earth-abundant transition metals as electrocatalysts for HER in both acidic and alkaline environments because of their low processing costs, reasonable catalytic activities, and chemical stability. Among all transition metal-based catalysts, nickel compounds are the most widely investigated, and have exhibited pioneering performances in various electrochemical reactions. Heterostructured nickel phosphide (NiP) based compounds were introduced as promising candidates of a new category, which often display chemical and electronic characteristics that are distinct from those of non-precious metals counterparts, hence providing an opportunity to construct new catalysts with an improved activity and stability. As a result, the library of NiP catalysts has been enriched very rapidly, with the possibility of fine-tuning their surface adsorption properties through synergistic coupling with nearby elements or dopants as the basis of future practical implementation. The current review distils recent advancements in NiP compounds/hybrids and their application for HER, with a robust emphasis on breakthroughs in composition refinement. Future perspectives for modulating the HER activity of NiP compounds/hybrids, and the challenges that need to be overcome before their practical use in sustainable hydrogen production are also discussed.

DOI 10.1007/s41061-019-0254-3
Keywords Catalysis; Coordination Complexes; Electrochemical Techniques; Hydrogen; Nanostructures; Nickel; Transition Elements; Water
ISSN 2364-8961
Citation Top Curr Chem (Cham). 2019;377(6):29.

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