Response of vanadium bioaccumulation in tissues of Mugil cephalus (Linnaeus 1758).

Author(s) Fazio, F.; Saoca, C.; Sanfilippo, M.; Capillo, G.; Spanò, N.; Piccione, G.
Journal Sci Total Environ
Date Published 2019 Nov 01

Vanadium accumulation levels in different tissues (muscle and organs) of the striped mullet Mugil cephalus (Linnaeus, 1758) and possible relationships with blood parameters were evaluated in a Natural Protected Area (Lake Faro, Sicily, Italy), during the winter of 2017. Hematological parameters (red blood cell, RBC; white blood cell, WBC; hemoglobin concentration, Hb; hematocrit, Hct; mean corpuscular volume, MCV; mean corpuscular hemoglobin, MCH; mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, MCHC; thrombocytes, TC), biometric indices (weight, total and fork length), and vanadium levels in muscles and organs (gills, liver, stomach and intestine) were determined. Statistical analyses showed significant differences in concentrations of vanadium of the analyzed tissue of M. cephalus and a positive relationship between vanadium concentration in the liver and some hematological parameters (RBC, Hb and Hct) and biometric indices. Our results underline the importance of fish blood parameters as sensitive indicators of toxic impact of environmental factors such as metals. This study, focusing on an ongoing topic, represents a valuable contribution to research concerning the monitoring and prevention of vanadium pollution in aquatic organisms and environments.

DOI 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.06.476
ISSN 1879-1026
Citation Sci Total Environ. 2019;689:774780.