Responses of human urothelial cells to magnesium-zinc-strontium alloys and associated insoluble degradation products for urological stent applications.

Author(s) Tian, Q.; Zhang, C.; Deo, M.; Rivera-Castaneda, L.; Masoudipour, N.; Guan, R.; Liu, H.
Journal Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl
Date Published 2019 Mar
Abstract

Current urological devices such as ureteral stents and catheters still face serious problems, such as encrustation and biofilm formation. Magnesium (Mg) and its alloys showed great potentials as an alternative material for urological devices, due to their excellent biodegradability and antibacterial property. In this study, a serial of four promising Mg alloys which contain zinc (Zn) and strontium (Sr), i.e., Mg-4Zn-xSr (ZSr41) alloys, were investigated in vitro for potential ureteral stent application. Specifically, these four alloys have 4 wt% Zn in all and 0.15 wt% Sr in ZSr41_A, 0.5 wt% Sr in ZSr41_B, 1.0 wt% Sr in ZSr41_C and 1.5 wt% Sr in ZSr41_D. The cytocompatibility and degradation behaviors of Mg-4Zn-xSr alloys were studied by culturing with human urothelial cells (HUCs) for 24 h and 48 h using exposure culture method. ZSr41_B showed a better cytocompatibility with HUCs among all the Mg-4Zn-xSr alloys in both 24-hour and 48-hour cultures. Moreover, the cytocompatibility of insoluble degradation products of Mg, i.e., MgO and Mg(OH), was also investigated by culturing different concentrations of MgO and Mg(OH) nanoparticles with HUCs for 24 h and 48 h. The concentration of MgO and Mg(OH) particles at 0.5 mg/mL and above, showed a significant decrease of cell density and cell size after 24-hour and 48-hour cultures. The concentration of MgO and Mg(OH) at 1.0 mg/mL and above, showed no viable cells after 24-hour culture. Collectively, it is recommended to further reduce the degradation rates of Mg alloys in order to control possible side effects of the soluble and insoluble degradation products and to take the benefits of Mg-based biodegradable ureteral stents toward the future clinical translation.

DOI 10.1016/j.msec.2018.11.018
ISSN 1873-0191
Citation Tian Q, Zhang C, Deo M, Rivera-Castaneda L, Masoudipour N, Guan R, et al. Responses of human urothelial cells to magnesium-zinc-strontium alloys and associated insoluble degradation products for urological stent applications. Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2019;96:248-262.

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