Retrospective analysis of porous tantalum trabecular metal-enhanced titanium dental implants.

Author(s) Edelmann, A.R.; Patel, D.; Allen, R.K.; Gibson, C.J.; Best, A.M.; Bencharit, S.
Journal J Prosthet Dent
Date Published 2018 Nov 02
Abstract

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The design of porous tantalum trabecular metal-enhanced titanium (TM) dental implants promises improved osseointegration, especially when grafting materials such as demineralized bone matrix are used; however, studies are lacking.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to compare TM implants with conventional titanium alloy (Ti) implants with and without demineralized bone matrix in terms of peri-implant bone remodeling in the first year after implant loading.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A chart review was used for all patients receiving Tapered Screw-Vent Ti and TM implants. Implants were placed and restored by a single provider between 2011 and 2015. Peri-implant bone remodeling was compared by using a paired t test (α=.05).

RESULTS: A total of 82 patients received 205 implants, 44 TM and 161 Ti implants (control). No implants failed in the TM group (survival rate of 100%), and 3 implants in total, 1 immediate, failed in the Ti groups (survival rate of 98.1%). TM implants exhibited a 0.28-mm bone gain on average, whereas the control group demonstrated 0.20 mm of marginal bone loss after the first year of implant loading. Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that the odds of having bone loss was 64% less (odds ratio: 0.36; 95% confidence interval: 0.14-0.94) in the TM group than in the Ti group after controlling for bone grafting, implant location, immediate placement, bone type, and pretreatment bone level.

CONCLUSIONS: TM implants exhibited less peri-implant bone loss than the control Ti implants.

DOI 10.1016/j.prosdent.2018.04.022
ISSN 1097-6841
Citation Edelmann AR, Patel D, Allen RK, Gibson CJ, Best AM, Bencharit S. Retrospective analysis of porous tantalum trabecular metal-enhanced titanium dental implants. J Prosthet Dent. 2018.