SBA-15 templating synthesis of mesoporous bismuth oxide for selective removal of iodide.

Author(s) Zhang, L.; Jaroniec, M.
Journal J Colloid Interface Sci
Date Published 2017 Sep 01
Abstract

Mesoporous δ-Bi2O3 samples with high surface area and small crystallite sizes were prepared by using different SBA-15 silicas as hard templates. The latter were synthesized hydrothermally using tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS), sodium metasilicate (SMS), and water glass (WG) as silica sources. The resulting SBA-15 silicas showed high surface area and pore volume. Among SBA-15 samples studied, the WG-generated SBA-15 exhibited the thinnest pore walls and lowest percentage of complementary pores. Interestingly, SBA-15 obtained from WG gave δ-Bi2O3 with the highest surface area and pore volume. This mesoporous δ-Bi2O3 was applied for the removal of iodide from aqueous solutions and was able to adsorb 2.87mmol/g of iodide at ambient conditions. In addition, mesoporous δ-Bi2O3 displayed high selectivity for iodide removal in the presence of chloride. Due to the high toxicity of the radioactive isotopes of iodine, this substance is required to be immobilized before its release to environment. This work presents a promising sorbent for selective capture of iodide from aqueous solutions.

DOI 10.1016/j.jcis.2017.04.063
ISSN 1095-7103
Citation J Colloid Interface Sci. 2017;501:248255.

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