Selective adsorption of molybdate from water by polystyrene anion exchanger-supporting nanocomposite of hydrous ferric oxides.

Author(s) Li, J.; Chen, D.; Liao, X.; Pan, B.
Journal Sci Total Environ
Date Published 2019 Jul 09
Abstract

Molybdenum is an essential trace element for humans but can be harmful with excess assimilations or chronic exposures. In this study a polymer-functionalized nanocomposite (HFO-PsAX) was fabricated for selective adsorption of molybdate from aqueous solution. HFO-PsAX was prepared by grafting hydrous ferric oxide nanoparticles (HFOs) into the porous structure of a polystyrene anion exchanger (PsAX) by in situ synthesis method. The resultant HFO-PsAX exhibited greatly enhanced selectivity toward molybdate as compared with the matrix, PsAX, which is also a fair adsorbent for scavenging molybdate. The competitive abilities of the ubiquitous anions, i.e., chloride, carbonate, sulfate, and phosphate, on the adsorption of molybdate by HFO-PsAX followed the order: chloride < phosphate < carbonate < sulfate. The unexpectedly weak competitive ability of trivalent phosphate may be due to incompletely dissociated state and formation of molybdate-phosphate complexes. The optimal pH for the adsorption of molybdate was determined as pH≈4, which is associated with the dissociation constants of molybdic acid; certain adsorption capacities were also observed even under extremely alkaline condition (pH=14) for single-component molybdate solution. Temperature (10, 25, and 40°C) has negligible effect on the adsorption capacities by HFO-PsAX, and Freundlich model and Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R), Temkin model can describe the adsorption isotherms well. The adsorption potential of Temkin model is calculated as ≈100J/mol, which is between those of physisorption and chemisorption process. Fixed-bed column adsorption experiments validated the potential of HFO-PsAX in treating Mo(VI) contaminated water for practical application, and the exhausted HFO-PsAX can be regenerated by a binary NaOH-NaCl solution (both 5% in mass) without loss in adsorption capacities.

DOI 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.07.109
ISSN 1879-1026
Citation Li J, Chen D, Liao X, Pan B. Selective adsorption of molybdate from water by polystyrene anion exchanger-supporting nanocomposite of hydrous ferric oxides. Sci Total Environ. 2019;691:64-70.

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