Selective Resonance Photoionization of Odd Mass Zirconium Isotopes Towards Efficient Separation of Radioactive Waste.

Author(s) Fujiwara, T.; Kobayashi, T.; Midorikawa, K.
Journal Sci Rep
Date Published 2019 Feb 11
Abstract

We achieve a considerable improvement in proposed schemes for the selective photoionization of odd mass zirconium isotopes. The technique implements intermediate-state alignment for isotope-selective laser excitation by broadband pulsed lasers, which incorporates the spectroscopic selection rules for the absorption of polarized light. The improvement includes newly found intermediate levels, where J = 0 character as a third excited-state intermediate, in cooperation with four-step photoexcitation (J = 2-1-1-0 scheme). Isotope selectivity (separation coefficient for Zr: >2400) has been identified in addition to a significant enhancement of ionization efficiency (30×) compared with previous research. A search for suitable third intermediate levels has covered over autoionizing Rydberg states in a singly ionized Zr II region (up to 58 000 cm). The measured autoionizing Rydberg states show high photoion yields but are not identified as favoured isotopic selectivity, as observed in the four-step photoionization. Prospects and future directions in laser even/odd-mass isotope separation are discussed.

DOI 10.1038/s41598-018-38423-4
ISSN 2045-2322
Citation Fujiwara T, Kobayashi T, Midorikawa K. Selective Resonance Photoionization of Odd Mass Zirconium Isotopes Towards Efficient Separation of Radioactive Waste. Sci Rep. 2019;9(1):1754.

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