Silver/Chitosan Antimicrobial Nanocomposites Coating for Medical Devices: Comparison of Nanofiller Effect Prepared via Chemical Reduction and Biosynthesis.

Author(s) Pakseresht, S.; Alogaili, A.Waleed Maj; Akbulut, H.; Plachá, D.; Pazdziora, E.; Klushina, D.; Konvičková, Z.; Kratošová, G.; Holešová, S.; Martynková, G.Simha
Journal J Nanosci Nanotechnol
Date Published 2019 May 01
Abstract

Medical devices have an essential part in healthcare system in recent years, such as usage of heart valves, several types of stents and implants devices in patients. However, bacterial infection of medical devices causes critical issues for patients due to attachment of bacteria and formation of biofilm onto the medical devices. Therefore, finding an effective antibacterial coating to prevent biofilm formation and infection is our goal. In this study, we developed silver/chitosan nanocomposites for antimicrobial coating system by chemical and green methods using sodium borohydride and linden extract, respectively. Silver is known as a strong inorganic antimicrobial agent to kill bacteria by inactivating enzymes and dysfunction bacterial cell membranes. By immobilizing silver nanoparticles on chitosan biopolymer can prevent agglomeration of nanoparticles, besides it can improve the biocompatibility. We characterized properties of our silver chitosan nanocomposites samples using particle size distribution, ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis and scanning electron microscopy. Effective antimicrobial film preventing biofilm formation on medical devices was designed. Antimicrobial testing confirmed antimicrobial properties however variable for each type of nanosilver.

DOI 10.1166/jnn.2019.15863
ISSN 1533-4880
Citation Pakseresht S, Alogaili AW, Akbulut H, Plachá D, Pazdziora E, Klushina D, et al. Silver/Chitosan Antimicrobial Nanocomposites Coating for Medical Devices: Comparison of Nanofiller Effect Prepared via Chemical Reduction and Biosynthesis. J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2019;19(5):2938-2942.