Silver-functionalized silica aerogels and their application in the removal of iodine from aqueous environments.

Author(s) Asmussen, M.; Matyáš, J.; Qafoku, N.P.; Kruger, A.A.
Journal J Hazard Mater
Date Published 2019 Nov 05
Abstract

One of the key challenges for radioactive waste management is the efficient capture and immobilization of radioiodine, because of its radiotoxicity, high mobility in the environment, and long half-life (t = 1.57 × 10 years). Silver-functionalized silica aerogel (AgAero) represents a strong candidate for safe sequestration of radioiodine from various nuclear waste streams and subsurface environments. Batch sorption experiments up to 10 days long were carried out in oxic and anoxic conditions in both deionized water (DIW) and various Hanford Site Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) off-gas condensate simulants containing from 5 to 10 ppm of iodide (I) or iodate (IO). Also tested was the selectivity of AgAero towards I in the presence of other halide anions. AgAero exhibited fast and complete removal of I from DIW, slower but complete removal of I from WTP off-gas simulants, preferred removal of I over Br and Cl, and it demonstrated ability to remove IO through reduction to I.

DOI 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2018.04.081
ISSN 1873-3336
Citation R Asmussen M, Matyáš J, Qafoku NP, Kruger AA. Silver-functionalized silica aerogels and their application in the removal of iodine from aqueous environments. J Hazard Mater. 2019;379:119364.