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Simple sonochemical synthesis of lanthanum tungstate (La(WO)) nanoparticles as an enhanced electrocatalyst for the selective electrochemical determination of anti-scald-inhibitor diphenylamine.

Author(s) Sundaresan, P.; Gnanaprakasam, P.; Chen, S.M.; Mangalaraja, R.Viswanatha; Lei, W.; Hao, Q.
Journal Ultrason Sonochem
Date Published 2019 Jun 18
Abstract

In this work, lanthanum tungstate (La(WO)) nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized by facile sonochemical method (elmasonic P, under-sonication 37/100 kHz, ~60 W energy) and utilized as an electrode material for the selective and sensitive electrochemical determination of anti-scald inhibitor diphenylamine (DPA). The synthesized La(WO) NPs were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDAX), Raman spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analyses. The results revealed that the sonochemically synthesized La(WO) nanoparticles were with high crystallinity and uniformly distributed nanoparticles like structure. The as-prepared lanthanum tungstate NPs exhibited an excellent electrocatalytic behavior for DPA determination with the lowest detection limit of 0.0024 µM, wide linear range response of 0.01-58.06 µM and a remarkable sensitivity of 1.021 µA µM cm. Furthermore, La(WO) NPs showed a good recovery to DPA in apple juice sample. Besides, the electrochemical mechanism of the DPA oxidation reaction was provided in detail.

DOI 10.1016/j.ultsonch.2019.104647
ISSN 1873-2828
Citation Sundaresan P, Gnanaprakasam P, Chen S-, Mangalaraja RV, Lei W, Hao Q. Simple sonochemical synthesis of lanthanum tungstate (La(WO)) nanoparticles as an enhanced electrocatalyst for the selective electrochemical determination of anti-scald-inhibitor diphenylamine. Ultrason Sonochem. 2019;58:104647.

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