Author(s) Wood, J.N.; Iseppon, F.
Journal Brain Neurosci Adv
Date Published 2018 Jan-Dec
Abstract

In 2000, with the completion of the human genome project, nine related channels were found to comprise the complete voltage-gated sodium gene family and they were renamed Na1.1-Na1.9. This millennial event reflected the extraordinary impact of molecular genetics on our understanding of electrical signalling in the nervous system. In this review, studies of animal electricity from the time of Galvani to the present day are described. The seminal experiments and models of Hodgkin and Huxley coupled with the discovery of the structure of DNA, the genetic code and the application of molecular genetics have resulted in an appreciation of the extraordinary diversity of sodium channels and their surprisingly broad repertoire of functions. In the present era, unsuspected roles for sodium channels in a huge range of pathologies have become apparent.

DOI 10.1177/2398212818810684
ISSN 2398-2128
Citation Brain Neurosci Adv. 2018;2:2398212818810684.