Sorption of iodide (I(-)) from aqueous solution using Mg/Al layered double hydroxides.

Author(s) Theiss, F.L.; Ayoko, G.A.; Frost, R.L.
Journal Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl
Date Published 2017 Aug 01

In this article, the authors report the adsorption of iodide by Mg/Al LDHs and thermally activated LDH materials in laboratory scale batch experiments. The optimal Mg/Al cation ratio was 3:1while the percentage iodide uptake increased with increasing adsorbent dose up to 1g/20mL of solution. The effect of initial iodide concentration was investigated using the Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherm models, while the pseudo second order kinetic model appeared to provide the best fit for the experimental data. High iodide uptake of over 80% could be achieved without completely eliminating dissolved or atmospheric carbonate and leaching of (131)I from LDHs did not appear to be a significant problem over the period of 28days investigated. These results demonstrate that LDHs, which are already commercially available in large quantities, are a technology that shows considerable promise for the removal of radioiodine from aqueous solution.

DOI 10.1016/j.msec.2017.03.284
ISSN 1873-0191
Citation Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2017;77:12281234.

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