Strong improvement of nanofiltration performance on micropollutant removal and reduction of membrane fouling by hydrolyzed-aluminum nanoparticles.

Author(s) Wang, P.; Wang, F.; Jiang, H.; Zhang, Y.; Zhao, M.; Xiong, R.; Ma, J.
Journal Water Res
Date Published 2020 May 15

Increasing attention has been focused on the removal of micropollutants from contaminated drinking source water. However, low rejection efficiency and membrane fouling still inhibit further application of nanofiltration membrane in this field. Interesting results were found that the residual hydrolyzed-aluminum nanoparticles from supernatant after coagulation and sedimentation strongly improved the nanofiltration performance for micropollutant removal. A simulated raw water containing humic acids, micropollutants and kaolinite clay was employed to investigate the factors of water matrix affecting the nanoparticle-enhanced nanofiltration for micropollutant removal. Results of experiments showed that these hydrolyzed-aluminum nanoparticles easily induced the aggregation of bisphenol-A (BPA) and humic acids in the supernatant. The enhancement of BPA removal was mainly attributed to the repelling interaction between the Al-BPA-DOC complexity and in situ-modified membrane surface during nanofiltration. 'This in situ surface modification by the hydrolyzed-aluminum nanoparticles improved membrane hydrophilicity, roughness and positively-charging capacity. For the treatment of River Songhua water spiked with micropollutant, the percentage removal of BPA was improved to be 88.5%, much more than the case of single nanofiltration without coagulation (60.7%). Meanwhile, the membrane fouling was reduced by 2.13 times than the case of single nanofiltration without the dynamically deposited-layer of nanoparticles. This in situ modification of nanofiltration membrane by hydrolyzed-aluminum nanoparticles achieved excellent removal efficiency for micropollutants from River Songhua water background.

DOI 10.1016/j.watres.2020.115649
Keywords Aluminum; Humic Substances; Membranes, Artificial; Nanoparticles; Water Purification
ISSN 1879-2448
Citation Water Res. 2020;175:115649.