Strontium elemental and isotopic signatures of Bordeaux wines for authenticity and geographical origin assessment.

Author(s) Epova, E.N.; Bérail, S.; Séby, F.; Vacchina, V.; Bareille, G.; Médina, B.; Sarthou, L.; Donard, O.F.X.
Journal Food Chem
Date Published 2019 Oct 01
Abstract

The Sr/Sr ratio and Sr concentrations of 43 authentic Bordeaux wines from the world's most prestigious châteaux are presented in the context of their relation to the geographical origin of wine and authenticity. The results demonstrate relatively narrow spans of variabilities observed for Sr/Sr ratio and Sr concentrations in authentic Bordeaux wines, which can be used with reasonable certainty as specific parameters for identifying regional wineries. For comparison, a set of imitated Bordeaux wines was studied for Sr isotopic and elemental compositions. A significant excess of both parameters in suspicious wines were found in reference to authentic values. Such natural and anthropogenically induced variations offer an enhanced discriminating potential of Sr. The unique Sr binary signature may detect imitated wines and trace genuine products from different regional wineries. The obtained results shown a promising perspective for wine authenticity control by means of Sr isotopic and elemental composition.

DOI 10.1016/j.foodchem.2019.04.068
Keywords Farms; Mass Spectrometry; Soil; Strontium; Strontium Isotopes; Wine
ISSN 1873-7072
Citation Food Chem. 2019;294:3545.