Structural properties of silicon-germanium and germanium-silicon core-shell nanowires.

Author(s) O'Rourke, C.; Mujahed, S.Y.; Kumarasinghe, C.; Miyazaki, T.; Bowler, D.R.
Journal J Phys Condens Matter
Date Published 2018 Nov 21
Abstract

Core-shell nanowires made of Si and Ge can be grown experimentally with excellent control for different sizes of both core and shell. We have studied the structural properties of Si/Ge and Ge/Si core-shell nanowires aligned along the direction, with diameters up to 10.2 nm and varying core to shell ratios, using linear scaling density functional theory. We show that Vegard's law, which is often used to predict the axial lattice constant, can lead to an error of up to 1%, underlining the need for a detailed ab initio atomistic treatment of the nanowire structure. We analyse the character of the intrinsic strain distribution and show that, regardless of the composition or bond direction, the Si core or shell always expands. In contrast, the strain patterns in the Ge shell or core are highly sensitive to the location, composition and bond direction. The highest strains are found at heterojunction interfaces and the surfaces of the nanowires. This detailed understanding of the atomistic structure and strain paves the way for studies of the electronic properties of core-shell nanowires and investigations of doping and structure defects.

DOI 10.1088/1361-648X/aae617
ISSN 1361-648X
Citation O'Rourke C, Mujahed SY, Kumarasinghe C, Miyazaki T, Bowler DR. Structural properties of silicon-germanium and germanium-silicon core-shell nanowires. J Phys Condens Matter. 2018;30(46):465303.

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