Author(s) Kreissl, H.Theresa; Li, M.MengJung; Peng, Y.K.; Nakagawa, K.; Hooper, T.; Hanna, J.V.; Shepherd, A.M.; Wu, T.S.; Soo, Y.L.; Tsang, S.C.Edman
Journal J Am Chem Soc
Date Published 2017 Aug 14

Hydrated niobium oxides are used as strong solid acids with a wide variety of catalytic applications, yet the correlations between structure and acidity remain unclear. New insights into the structural features giving rise to Lewis and Brønsted acid sites are presently achieved. It appears that Lewis acid sites can arise from lower coordinate NbO5 and in some cases NbO4 sites, which are due to the formation of oxygen vacancies in thin and flexible NbO6 systems. Such structural flexibility of Nb-O systems is particularly pronounced in high surface area nanostructured materials, including few-to monolayer or mesoporous Nb2O5*nH2O synthesized in the presence of stabilizers. Bulk materials on the other hand only possess few quantities of acid sites due to low surface areas and structural rigidity: small numbers of BA sites on HNb3O8 arise from a protonic structure due to water content, whereas no acid sites are detected for anhydrous crystalline H-Nb2O5.

DOI 10.1021/jacs.7b06856
ISSN 1520-5126
Citation J Am Chem Soc. 2017.

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