Suppressing corrosion of aluminum foils via highly conductive graphene-like carbon coating in high-performance lithium-based batteries.

Author(s) Li, X.; Deng, S.; Banis, M.Norouzi; Doyle-Davis, K.; Zhang, D.; Zhang, T.; Yang, J.; Divigalpitiya, R.; Brandys, F.; Li, R.; Sun, X.
Journal ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
Date Published 2019 Aug 15

Aluminum foil is the predominant cathodic current collector in lithium-based batteries due to the high electronic conductivity, stable chemical/electrochemical properties, low density, and low cost. However, with the development of next-generation lithium batteries, Al current collectors face new challenges, such as the requirement of increased chemical stability at high voltage, long-cycle life batteries with different electrolyte systems, as well as improved electronic conductivity and adhesion for new electrode materials. In this study, we demonstrate a novel graphene-like carbon (GLC) coating on Al foil in lithium-based batteries. Various physical and electrochemical characterizations are conducted to reveal the electronic conductivity and electrochemical stability of GLC-Al foil in both carbonate- and ether-based electrolytes. Full cell tests, including Li-S batteries and high voltage Li-ion batteries, are performed to demonstrate the significantly improved cycling and rate performance of batteries with the use of GLC-Al foil as current collectors. The cell using GLC-Al foil can greatly reduce the potential polarization in Li-S batteries and can obtain a reversible capacity of 750 mAh g-1 over 100 cycles at 0.5 C. Even with high sulfur loading cathodes, the Li-S battery at 1 C still maintains over 500 mAh g-1 after 100 cycles. In high voltage Li-ion batteries, the GLC-Al foil significantly improves the high-rate performance showing an increased retained capacity by over 100 mAh g-1 after 450 cycles at 1 C compared to bare foil. It is believed that the developed GLC-Al foil brings new opportunities to enhance the battery life of lithium-based batteries.

DOI 10.1021/acsami.9b06442
ISSN 1944-8252
Citation ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2019.

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