Suppression of proliferation and activation of cell death by sodium selenite involves mitochondria and lysosomes in chemoresistant bladder cancer cells.

Author(s) Soukupová, K.; Rudolf, E.
Journal J Trace Elem Med Biol
Date Published 2019 Mar

The specific effects of sodium selenite (selenite) on a chemoresistant human bladder cancer cell line RT-112/D21 were investigated during 72 h. Selenite at low concentration of 2.5 μmol (otherwise tolerated in normal urothelial cells UROtsa) suppressed growth and proliferation of the tested cancer cells via induced oxidative stress. Selenite further altered mitochondrial functions (i.e. decreased mitochondrial membrane potential, increased production of superoxide and reduced ATP synthesis), disrupted lysosomal membranes and activated autophagy. These changes in selenite-exposed cells ultimately resulted in their demise via necrosis and other cell death modality displaying heterotypic apoptotic and autophagic features.

DOI 10.1016/j.jtemb.2018.11.009
ISSN 1878-3252
Citation J Trace Elem Med Biol. 2019;52:5867.

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