Switching charge transfer process of carbon nitride and bismuth vanadate by anchoring silver nanoparticle toward cocatalyst free water reduction.

Author(s) Song, M.; Wu, Y.; Wang, X.; Liu, M.; Su, Y.
Journal J Colloid Interface Sci
Date Published 2018 Nov 01

With the aim of exploring and modulating the interfacial charge kinetics, a ternary g-CN/Ag/BiVO was constructed with excellent photocatalytic performance and preferable stability toward H evolution in absence of cocatalyst. Both density functional theory (DFT) and experimental results implied that the type II g-CN/BiVO composite can be switched to Z-scheme via Ag nanoparticles as the electron shuttle. The optimal photocatalytic H yield rate achieved for g-CN/Ag/BiVO was 57.4 µmol·g·h, being far surpassed the H harvest rate of g-CN/BiVO, Ag/g-CN and g-CN, which is 2.9, 14.8 and 1.7 µmol·g·h, respectively. The apparent quantum efficiency of g-CN/Ag/BiVO photocatalyst was also determined to be 1.23%. Besides, the photocatalytic performance of g-CN/Ag/BiVO well preserved over 5 runs in 50 h. The improved H production performance is considered as the consequence of promoted segregation of photoexcited charge carriers and SPR effects of Ag nanoparticles. In combination with photocurrent measurement, examination of active species and DFT calculation, it is found that Ag nanoparticles as an electron mediator can highly promote the Z-scheme carrier migration that electrons come from conduction band of BiVO will quickly assemble with the photo-induced holes from valence band of g-CN, leaving electrons in the conduction band of g-CN and holes in valence band of BiVO that could greatly enhance the charge separation efficiency.

DOI 10.1016/j.jcis.2018.06.029
ISSN 1095-7103
Citation J Colloid Interface Sci. 2018;529:375384.

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