Synthesis and catalytic activity of tridentate N-(2-pyridylethyl)-substituted bulky amidinates of calcium and strontium.

Author(s) Krieck, S.; Kalden, D.; Oberheide, A.; Seyfarth, L.; Arndt, H.D.; Görls, H.; Westerhausen, M.
Journal Dalton Trans
Date Published 2019 Feb 12
Abstract

Metalation of the formamidine Dipp-N[double bond, length as m-dash]C(H)-N(H)-C2H4-Py (1a) and benzamidine Dipp-N[double bond, length as m-dash]C(Ph)-N(H)-C2H4-Py (1b) with [(thf)2M{N(SiMe3)2}2] (M = Ca, Sr) yields the corresponding homoleptic complexes [M{Dipp-N[double bond, length as m-dash]C(R)-N-C2H4-Py}2] (M/R = Ca/H (2a), Ca/Ph (2b), and Sr/Ph (3b)) regardless of the applied stoichiometry. Only during calciation of Dipp-N[double bond, length as m-dash]C(H)-N(H)-C2H4-Py (1a), the heteroleptic intermediate [{(Me3Si)2N}Ca{Dipp-N[double bond, length as m-dash]C(R)-N-C2H4-Py}]2 (2a') has been observed. The formamidinate complex of strontium crystallizes as a tmeda adduct of the type [(tmeda)Sr{Dipp-N[double bond, length as m-dash]C(H)-N-C2H4-Py}2] (3a). Metalation of the pivalamidine Dipp-N[double bond, length as m-dash]C(tBu)-N(H)-C2H4-Py (1c) leads to the formation of heteroleptic mononuclear [{(Me3Si)2N}M{Dipp-N[double bond, length as m-dash]C(tBu)-N(H)-C2H4-Py}] (M = Ca (2c) and Sr (3c)) with a side-on bonding of the Dipp group to the alkaline earth metals. Calciation of chiral Dipp-N[double bond, length as m-dash]C(tBu)-N(H)-CH2CH(Me)-Py (R)-1d and (S)-1d with [(thf)2Ca{N(SiMe3)2}2] yields the homoleptic complexes [Ca{Dipp-N[double bond, length as m-dash]C(tBu)-N-CH2CH(Me)-Py}2] with the enantiomeric forms (R,R)-2d and (S,S)-2d regardless of the applied stoichiometry. The complexes 2c and 2d catalyze the intramolecular hydroamination of the aminoalkene 2,2-diphenylpent-4-enylamine yielding 2-methyl-4,4-diphenylpyrrolidine but the stereochemistry cannot be influenced by the chiral compounds (R,R)-2d and (S,S)-2d.

DOI 10.1039/c8dt04905j
ISSN 1477-9234
Citation Krieck S, Kalden D, Oberheide A, Seyfarth L, Arndt H-, Görls H, et al. Synthesis and catalytic activity of tridentate N-(2-pyridylethyl)-substituted bulky amidinates of calcium and strontium. Dalton Trans. 2019;48(7):2479-2490.

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