Synthesis of cerium and nickel doped titanium nanofibers for hydrolysis of sodium borohydride.

Author(s) Tamboli, A.H.; Gosavi, S.W.; Terashima, C.; Fujishima, A.; Pawar, A.A.; Kim, H.
Journal Chemosphere
Date Published 2018 Jul

A recyclable titanium nanofibers, doped with cerium and nickel doped was successfully synthesized by using sol-gel and electrospinning method for hydrogen generation from alkali free hydrolysis of NaBH. The resultant nanocomposite was characterized to find out the structural and physical-chemical properties by a series of analytical techniques such as FT-IR (Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy), XRD (X-ray diffraction), SEM (scanning electron microscope), EDX (energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy),N adsorption-desorption and BET (Brunauer-Emmett-Teller), etc. The results revealed that cerium and nickel nanoparticles were homogeneously distributed on the surface of the TiO nanofibers due to having similar oxidation state and atomic radium of TiOnanofibers with CeO and NiO for the effective immobilization of metal ions. The NiO doped catalyst showed superior catalytic performance towards the hydrolysis reaction of NaBH at room temperature. These catalysts have ability to produce 305 mL of H within the time of 160 min at room temperature. Additionally, reusability test revealed that the catalyst is active even after five runs of hydrolytic reaction, implying the as-prepared NiO doped TiO nanofibers could be considered as a potential candidate catalyst for portable hydrogen fuel system such as PEMFC (proton exchange membrane fuel cells).

DOI 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.03.151
ISSN 1879-1298
Citation Chemosphere. 2018;202:669676.

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