Synthesis of uniform cadmium sulphide thin film by the homogeneous precipitation method on cadmium telluride nanorods and its application in three-dimensional heterojunction flexible solar cells.

Author(s) Wang, J.; Liu, S.; Mu, Y.; Liu, L.; A, R.; Su, P.; Yang, J.; Zhu, G.; Fu, W.; Yang, H.
Journal J Colloid Interface Sci
Date Published 2017 Nov 01

High-density CdTe nanorod arrays are successfully embedded in a uniform and compact CdS layer, forming a novel three-dimensional (3D) CdTe NRs/CdS heterojunction structure. The CdS layer is prepared by homogeneous precipitation (HP) method using decomposition of urea. The effects of temperature and concentration of reactants on the growth and composition of CdS film are investigated in detail. The results demonstrate that the temperature affects the thermal decomposition of urea significantly, and the concentration of CdCl2 and CS (NH2)2 plays an essential role in the compositional ratio of CdS film. Further investigations reveal that, in comparison with the traditional precipitation method, a better coverage of CdS on the surface of CdTe NRs can be obtained by HP method due to the slow and even hydrolysis of urea. Moreover, photovoltaic performance of the novel CdTe NRs/CdS 3D photovoltaic device is also investigated. This study demonstrates that the 3D heterostructure has potential application in thin film solar cells, and the successful deposition of CdS layer on the surface of CdTe NRs by HP method suggests a promising technique for large-scale fabrication of these solar cells.

DOI 10.1016/j.jcis.2017.05.080
ISSN 1095-7103
Citation J Colloid Interface Sci. 2017;505:5966.

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