Synthesis, structure and properties of new bimetallic sodium and potassium lanthanum borohydrides.

Author(s) GharibDoust, S.H.Payandeh; Heere, M.; Sørby, M.H.; Ley, M.B.; Ravnsbæk, D.B.; Hauback, B.C.; Černý, R.; Jensen, T.R.
Journal Dalton Trans
Date Published 2016 Dec 21
Abstract

Two new bimetallic sodium or potassium lanthanum borohydrides, NaLa(BH4)4 and K3La(BH4)6, are formed using La(BH4)3 free of metal halide by-products. NaLa(BH4)4 crystallizes in an orthorhombic crystal system with unit cell parameters, a = 6.7987(19), b = 17.311(5), c = 7.2653(19) Å and space group symmetry Pbcn. This compound has a new structure type built from brucite-like layers of octahedra (hcp packing of anions) with half of the octahedral sites empty leading to octahedral chains similar to rutile (straight chains) or α-PbO2 (zig-zag chains). K3La(BH4)6 crystallizes in the monoclinic crystal system with unit cell parameters a = 7.938(2), b = 8.352(2), c = 11.571(3) Å, β = 90.19(6)° and space group P21/n with a double-perovskite type structure. Thermogravimetric analysis shows a mass loss of 5.86 and 2.83 wt% for NaLa(BH4)4 and K3La(BH4)6, respectively, in the temperature range of room temperature to 400 °C. Mass spectrometry shows that hydrogen release starts at 212 and 275 °C for NaLa(BH4)4 and K3La(BH4)6, respectively and confirms that no diborane is released. Sieverts' measurements reveal that 2.03 and 0.49 wt% of hydrogen can be released from the NaLa(BH4)4 and K3La(BH4)6, respectively, during the second hydrogen desorption cycle at the selected physical condition for hydrogen absorption.

DOI 10.1039/c6dt03671f
ISSN 1477-9234
Citation Dalton Trans. 2016;45(47):1900219011.

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