Tantalum nanoparticles reinforced polyetheretherketone shows enhanced bone formation.

Author(s) Zhu, H.; Ji, X.; Guan, H.; Zhao, L.; Zhao, L.; Liu, C.; Cai, C.; Li, W.; Tao, T.; Reseland, J.Elin; Haugen, H.Jostein; Xiao, J.
Journal Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl
Date Published 2019 Aug

Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) has been used in orthopedic surgery for several decades. Numerous methods were invented to alter the properties of PEEK. By adding nanoparticles, fibers, etc., elastic modulus and strength of PEEK can be changed to meet certain demand. In this study, tantalum (Ta), a promising metal, was introduced to modify the properties of PEEK, in which PEEK was reinforced with different contents of tantalum nanoparticles (from 1 wt% to 9 wt%). Mechanical properties and biological functions (both in vitro and in vivo) were then investigated. The highest elastic modulus and compressive strength were observed in 3%Ta-PEEK. Cell experiments as cell adhesion, collagen secretion, biomineralization and osteogenesis related gene expression showed preferable results in 3%Ta-PEEK and 5%Ta-PEEK. Improved bone integration was shown in 3%Ta-PEEK and 5%Ta-PEEK in vivo. Above all, enhanced mechanical properties and promoted bone formation were proved for 3%Ta-PEEK and 5%Ta-PEEK compared to others groups both in vitro and in vivo, suggesting that the addition of tantalum nanoparticles modified the osseointegration ability of PEEK. This composite of tantalum and PEEK could have a clinical potential for orthopedic implants.

DOI 10.1016/j.msec.2019.03.091
ISSN 1873-0191
Citation Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2019;101:232242.

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