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The Benefits of Macromolecular/Supramolecular Approaches in Hydrogen Sulfide Delivery: A Review of Polymeric and Self-Assembled Hydrogen Sulfide Donors.

Author(s) Kaur, K.; Carrazzone, R.J.; Matson, J.B.
Journal Antioxid Redox Signal
Date Published 2020 Jan 10
Abstract

Cell homeostasis and redox balance are regulated in part by hydrogen sulfide (HS), a gaseous signaling molecule known as a gasotransmitter. Given its biological roles, HS has promising therapeutic potential, but controlled delivery of this reactive and hazardous gas is challenging due to its promiscuity, rapid diffusivity, and toxicity at high doses. Macromolecular and supramolecular drug delivery systems are vital for the effective delivery of many active pharmaceutical ingredients, and HS stands to benefit greatly from the tunable physical, chemical, and pharmacokinetic properties of polymeric and/or self-assembled drug delivery systems. Several types of HS-releasing macro- and supramolecular materials have been developed in the past 5 years, and the field is expanding quickly. Slow-releasing polymers, polymer assemblies, polymer nano- and microparticles, and self-assembled hydrogels have enabled triggered, sustained, and/or localized HS delivery, and many of these materials are more potent in biological assays than analogous small-molecule HS donors. HS plays a role in a number of (patho)physiological processes, including redox balance, ion channel regulation, modulation of inducible nitric oxide synthase, angiogenesis, blood pressure regulation, and more. Chemical tools designed to (i) deliver HS to study these processes, and (ii) exploit HS signaling pathways for treatment of diseases require control over the timing, rate, duration, and location of release. Development of new material approaches for HS delivery that enable long-term, triggered, localized, and/or targeted delivery of the gas will enable greater understanding of this vital signaling molecule and eventually expedite its clinical application.

DOI 10.1089/ars.2019.7864
ISSN 1557-7716
Citation Kaur K, Carrazzone RJ, Matson JB. The Benefits of Macromolecular/Supramolecular Approaches in Hydrogen Sulfide Delivery: A Review of Polymeric and Self-Assembled Hydrogen Sulfide Donors. Antioxid Redox Signal. 2020;32(2):79-95.

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