The role of sphingosine-1-phosphate in skeletal muscle: Physiology, mechanisms, and clinical perspectives.

Author(s) Cordeiro, A.V.; Silva, V.R.R.; Pauli, J.R.; da Silva, A.S.R.; Cintra, D.E.; Moura, L.P.; Ropelle, E.R.
Journal J Cell Physiol
Date Published 2019 Jul
Abstract

Sphingolipids were discovered more than a century ago and were simply considered as a class of cell membrane lipids for a long time. However, after the discovery of several intracellular functions and their role in the control of many physiological and pathophysiological conditions, these molecules have gained much attention. For instance, the sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a circulating bioactive sphingolipid capable of triggering strong intracellular reactions through the family of S1P receptors (S1PRs) spread in several cell types and tissues. Recently, the role of S1P in the control of skeletal muscle metabolism, atrophy, regeneration, and metabolic disorders has been widely investigated. In this review, we summarized the knowledge of S1P and its effects in skeletal muscle metabolism, highlighting the role of S1P/S1PRs axis in skeletal muscle regeneration, fatigue, ceramide accumulation, and insulin resistance. Finally, we discussed the physical exercise role in S1P/S1PRs signaling in skeletal muscle cells, and how this nonpharmacological strategy may be prospective for future investigations due to its ability to increase S1P levels.

DOI 10.1002/jcp.27870
ISSN 1097-4652
Citation Cordeiro AV, Silva VR, Pauli JR, da Silva AS, Cintra DE, Moura LP, et al. The role of sphingosine-1-phosphate in skeletal muscle: Physiology, mechanisms, and clinical perspectives. J Cell Physiol. 2019;234(7):10047-10059.

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