The role of the lecithin addition in the properties and cytotoxic activity of chitosan and chondroitin sulfate nanoparticles containing curcumin.

Author(s) Jardim, K.Vieira; Siqueira, J.Luciana Ne; Báo, S.Nair; Sousa, M.Henrique; Parize, A.Luis
Journal Carbohydr Polym
Date Published 2020 Jan 01

Surfactants have been used as a tool to improve the properties of polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) and to increase the rate of hydrophobic drug release by means of these nanoparticles. In this context, this study evaluated the effect of lecithin on the characteristics of chitosan (CHI) and chondroitin sulfate (CS) nanoparticles, when applied in curcumin (Curc) release. CHI/CS NPs and CHI/CS/Lecithin NPs were prepared by the ionic gelation method, both as standards and containing curcumin. Simultaneous conductimetric and potentiometric titrations were employed to optimize the interaction between the polymers. NPs with hydrodynamic diameter of ∼130 nm and zeta potential of +60 mV were obtained and characterized by HRTEM; their pore size and surface area were also analyzed by BET method, DLS, FTIR, XPS, and fluorescence spectroscopy techniques to assess morphological and surface properties, stability and interaction between polymers and to quantify the loading of drugs. The final characteristics of NPs were directly influenced by lecithin addition, exhibiting enhanced encapsulation efficiency of curcumin (131.8 μg curcumin per mg CHI/CS/Lecithin/Curc NPs). The release of curcumin occurred gradually through a two-stage process: diffusion-controlled dissolution and release of curcumin controlled by dissolution of the polymer. However, the release of curcumin in buffer solution at pH 7.4 was achieved faster in CHI/CS/Lecithin/Curc NPs than in CHI/CS/Curc NPs. in vitro cytotoxic activity evaluation of the curcumin was determined by the MTT assay, observing that free curcumin and curcumin nanoencapsulated in CHI/CS/Curc and CHI/CS/Lecithin/Curc NPs reduced the viability of MCF-7 cells in the 72 h period (by 28.4, 36.0 and 30.7%, P < 0.0001, respectively). These results indicate that CHI/CS/Lecithin NPs have more appropriate characteristics for encapsulation of curcumin.

DOI 10.1016/j.carbpol.2019.115351
ISSN 1879-1344
Citation Carbohydr Polym. 2020;227:115351.

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